Major changes have done in contemporary sculpture, which changed the art form, destroying and stepping outside the barriers, working with new materials, changing the idea of multifunction, interactive ways to keep up the trends, and content loading with the different issues, such as political, environmental and many more...
Depending on Prehistoric times, the sculpture was a fully three-dimensional statue, while it may not be remarkable, the idea is the evidence of contemporary art’s interest in the design and manipulation of objects in terms of aesthetics. Ancient Egyptian massive sandstone sculptures are the most outstanding example of changing the size of the sculpture and loading the ideas and functions into the sculpture. Greece - connected to massive changes of breaking away from the rigid mode of portraiture into more realism, but at the same time destroying the forms, for example, keeping an unnatural way to stand. Roman Empire - time for perfection of the body, honoring the Gods, and political propaganda. Early Medieval times somehow continue the honoring idea of religion but changed the forms, and materials, breaking it into parts, for example, book covers, and boxes, starting the era of diptychs, and changing reliefs. The religious theme continues in the Gothic era, even expanding it decoratively. Renaissance - reviving the classical works, time for broadening the horizons by studying the humanities and somehow it moved away from religious themes. Running wild based on Renaissance, became the motto of Baroque and Rococo, round, very dramatic, and dynamic sculptures, changing the material from marble to porcelain and making it a luxury item. The 19th and 20th centuries paid attention to personal expression and interest in surface texture, rather than focusing on the perfect body and storytelling. Cubism, Dadaism, surrealism, pop art, minimalism, and futurism are the styles transitioning to contemporary art step-by-step.
As you see, nowadays all the characteristics are included in a Contemporary sculpture, sculptors are using different materials, and mediums, combining different subjects, such as science, technology, nature, and many more, destroying the boundaries and keeping viewers inspired, surprised and provoke to a, not as a new word.
Ann Bates | Gillian Davenport